Seyed Hashtroudi, M.; Fathi Vavsari, V.; Balalaie, S.
DABSO as a SO2 Gas Surrogate in the Synthesis of Organic Structures
Org. Biomol. Chem., 2022
1,4-Diazabicyclo[2.2.2]octane bis(sulfur dioxide), DABCO.SO2, or DABSO, a bench-stable colorless solid, is industrially produced by the reaction of DABCO with the condensed and bubbled sulfur dioxide gas at low temperature. However, in some cases it could catalyze organic reactions, DABSO is mostly used as a as a surrogate of gaseous sulfur dioxide to react with organic substrates, including Grignard reagents, aryl or alkyl halides, boronic acids, various amines, diazonium salts, carboxylic acids, heterocycles, acrylamides, alkenes, alkynes, and β-alkynyl ketones, through the one-pot protocol, annulation, or coupling reactions. Most of these synthetic reactions are proceeded via formation of sulfinate radical or anion. By using DABSO as a reagent, various simple to complex structures can be constructed, such as metal sulfinates, sulfonyl fluorides, sulfonamides, sulfonohydrazides, sulfonic esters, sulfonic thioesters, and sulfones. In this review, we want to investigate mechanistically the role of DABSO in organic synthesis.